Angular vs React: Which is the better framework?

December 14,2020 - 5 min read
Angular vs React: Which is the better framework?

In the 21st century where technology is growing at an unprecedented rate, developers carry a huge responsibility on their shoulders. Whether it is building an app overnight to cater to the growing demand or simply updating it with a new feature that adds value, technocrats around the world are constantly working hard to deliver effective and clean code. However, the rising popularity of technology wouldn’t have been possible without the amazing tools and technologies that aid in the developing applications. We have some amazing Frameworks and libraries to help us with everything and anything when it comes to web development.

Problem of Plenty

We have a couple of frameworks and libraries available and hence it's difficult to make a decision in favour of one of them. So, we've decided to help you out. We believe that every program is unique and every code demands a different framework or a library. It is the duty of the developer to select the most optimum tool because that decides the quality and efficiency of the final output. Hence, it is important for programmers to have a holistic knowledge of all tools and technologies out there so that they can make an informed decision.

However, it’s not easy to compare two frameworks because of their diverse nature. It is never a binary answer to which one of the frameworks is better because every project and every developer is different. As a developer, the most you can do is to have a proper information of all the frameworks so that they can choose the right framework for each and every different project.

If by any chance, you are a web developer and are working on JavaScript, there is possibility that you are going to come across either Angular or React. Both of them have some stark differences but also many similarities and hence it can be a daunting task to choose one between Angular vs React. Hence, we have come up with a comparison between two of the most popular front end development options out there - Angular vs React. In this blog, we would try to answer the question ‘Angular vs React: Which is the better framework?’ and in turn explore each of the tool in detail and understand their features and specifications. Let’s get started.

Angular Vs React: A critical Analysis

To begin with, React is an open source Javascript library developed by Facebook. It is popular for building dynamic User Interface through a component- based approach which helps in creating user interfaces for both web and mobile applications. Also, React is backed by a large and a strong community of developers supporting it. React is a wonderful addition to the stack of technologies that are dedicated towards building robust, dynamic and secure websites and web applications.

Angular, on the other hand, is an open-source front-end development framework developed and supported by Google. It is a Model View Controller framework which is also used to build dynamic components of the application.

Digging into The Technicalities

The structure of Angular is based on three layers - Model, View, and Controller. Angular allows reuse of templates or the component in different parts of the application.

React, on the other hand, offers a simple way of developing component trees. The code is usually easy to read and logically structured.

Another thing is to consider is independence of the code written. When applications are written in React, the developers are required to add additional libraries, whereas Angular is a full-fledged software development framework and hence there is no need to include any additional library. One more difference between React and Angular is that the former is based on JavaScript ES6+ combined with the JSX, whereas Angular uses either TypeScript or JavaScript. Another differentiating point is the user interface component. The UI tools of React are developed by its community itself whereas Angular comes with a number of pre-built components of material design and hence UI configuration becomes extremely fast and simple.

When talking about Angular vs React, one aspect to consider is the toolset. With React, you can use multiple code editors like Sublime Text, Atom or Visual Studio and the Create React App (CLI) tool is used for bootstrapping a project in React while the Next.js framework is used for server-side rendering. Angular also uses tools like Sublime Text, Aptana or Visual Studio for code editing, the project is set up using Angular CLI and Angular Universal is used for server- side rendering. However, the point of difference between Angular and React technology is testing. Applications written in Angular can be tested completely with only one tool.

The CLI in Angular creates a workspace and design functioning applications swiftly and produces components and services with one-line commands. When it comes to React, the development speed and productivity gets affected due to the involvement of third-party libraries. Usually, a developer has to put extra efforts to determine the right architecture along with the tools when creating applications with React. The toolkit for React mobile applications also varies which means more time and effort is invested when new developers work on it. Hence, Angular scores a point when it comes to development speed and productivity.

Another factor that contributes is flexibility. React gives you the freedom to choose the tools, libraries, and architecture for developing any application and hence it lets you build a highly-customized app. Angular, on the other side, has limited freedom and flexibility.

Angular works on Real DOM (Document object Model) and follows MVC while React works on virtual DOM (It is light in weight compared to Real one). Since Virtual DOM is considered faster than real DOM, React wins over Angular in this context. The data flow is another point which differentiates between the two of them. Angular allows bidirectional data flow while React only allows unidirectional data flow.

When it comes to mobile development, Angular offers Ionic framework which comes with a Cordova container and an UI component library. However, in the case of React Javascript library, there is a truly native UI experience and hence you to make your own components and bind them to the code. You can say that React wins the battle when it comes to mobile application development.

One important thing that makes any technology better than the other is Documentation. A plethora of features of Angular framework is still undergoing regular updates and hence the documentation is not very well structured and is outdated. However, React has a good documentation and even the documentations of the earlier versions are still valuable for developers.

When beginners are working with a new technology, one important factor is the learning curve. Most newbies in the field of coding says that Angular js is hard to learn and master its complexities! React, according to popular feedback, is fairly easy to learn and adapt to. React is fairly popular because of its easy interface and for users especially the new ones it means they have to spend less time learning and can quickly move to developing some cool projects. However, if someone devotes time to learn the nuances of Angular, the framework can become a powerful tool to build mobile and web applications.

The Face Off!

In the fight of Angular vs React, a clear winner doesn’t seem to emerge. The reason is that there is no such thing as best when it comes to frameworks! Every code and every developer is unique and hence they demand different and varied platforms to work on their projects. You might deduce from the points above that if you are a novice and want quick results, React is the best to make some interesting applications. While if you have a complex and advanced project in mind, beginning with a full- fledged framework like Angular js would be a better option.

While learning a new tool or technology, the fear that grips the minds of learners is the fear of that tool or technology getting outdated or redundant in the next few years. However, when it comes to React or Angular you can be assured that these two frameworks will not go out of the picture. React has come up with major changes that lets its developers easily provide feedback on new features, improvements, and APIs. Angular also has been witnessing a growth in its usage rate.

Both the frameworks, Angular and React are on a growth tangent but the answer to which is the best framework is relative and depends on the project you are working on. The choice between Angular vs React is subjected to change keeping in mind, the requirements, complexity of the application and also on the experience of the developer or team of developers working on the project. This blog was a compilation of all features or and aspects you should consider when it comes to Angular vs React. If you think there might be some more points to ponder upon when it comes to picking one between Angular vs React, we would love to hear from you!

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