What is Python?
Python, invented by Guido van Russum in 1991 has been at the top of the stack for many years now. According to the formal definition, Python is an interpreted, high-level and general-purpose programming language.
Python is a programming language that falls in the category of object-oriented programming language. If you are confused about the object-oriented nature of Python, here are some points for you to comprehend the principles of an object-oriented language.
Python is an object-oriented programming (also called OOP) language because it follows all the principle of an object-oriented language. Applications written in Python language are based on declaration of classes, creation of objects and the interaction between these objects. We would now understand each of the basic principles of Python or any other object-oriented programming language in brief. The basic principles of object-oriented language are -
Inheritance is the name given to the concept when the child class derives properties and methods from the parent class. There are various types of inheritance in Java.
The next feature in line is encapsulation. This feature refers to the property of wrapping up of data together as a single unit. Encapsulation lets you hide the variables of one class from other classes. The variables of one class can be accessed from the method of that class only. Encapsulation is also called data hiding.
Abstraction is another feature of OOPs. Abstraction lets you hide certain details and show only the relevant and necessary information. Abstraction is an important factor for the security of any application.
Polymorphism is the last feature we would discuss. The word polymorphism basically means many forms. In a programming language, polymorphism is the ability of an object to take on many forms. In a programming language, if a method acts differently based upon the object, it is called polymorphism. It is an important concept of object-oriented programming language.
While these were only some basic principles of an object-oriented language, there is more to it. Object-oriented programmes create an object which has properties and methods. These objects interact with each other to perform specific actions. Objects, classes, methods, properties and others are important aspects of object-oriented programming languages.
The object-oriented model decreases the complexity of the code and gives programmers the flexibility to create dynamic applications by mimicking real-world objects.
Python in Industry
Python has emerged as the most favourite language of developers. The credit goes to easy syntax and a number of libraries to support your code.
Python can be used as a language to build a full-scale software program right from scratch and it can also be used as a scripting language. Python is not a dedicated scripting language, rather it can be ‘used’ as a scripting language and the credit goes to its easy to learn object-oriented syntax.
Python has a rich collection of libraries and frameworks that aid a programmer to build real-life applications with the utmost ease.
One of the major reasons why this is one of the best programming languages of 2020 is its wide range of applications. From desktop applications to web frameworks and applications, python has a number of use cases. Python is also the most important language in machine learning and artificial intelligence which are one of the most promising fields in the upcoming years.
Google uses Python as a part of its search engine and Yahoo also uses Python as a part of Yahoo maps. Organisations like Microsoft, Youtube and Cisco also have Python as one of their main technologies.
Python is definitely a rewarding language in 2020. Good knowledge of python is definitely going to help you land a successful career in technology.
- Firstly, it is now used at the server-side also. Nodejs is a framework which is used for server-side web development.
- React vr is another interesting thing that has emerged which is used to make virtual reality applications.
Here we are going to look at some parameters that differentiate both these languages and help you make the right choice next time you build an application.
However, popularity shall not be the only factor you should consider while choosing a language for your next development project.
Syntax, as you must be aware, is a set of rules that define the features and functionalities of any language. The syntax of both languages is a good parameter to differentiate.
In programming languages, exception handling makes sure that the flow of execution doesn’t break if an error occurs.
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