Android development vs Web Development and their career perspective

November 3,2020 - 6 min read
Web development vs Android development

Web development and android development are two different fields in the IT industry. Both these terms refer to different processes, tools and technologies and even the end results are two different kinds of end products. Apart from the technical details, web development and android development also have different career perspective, trajectory and scope.

In this blog, we try to explain web development and android development independently, the difference between both of them and which one you should choose to pursue as a career. Web development vs Android development are two different paths need a specific set of skills, technical abilities and apptitude to prooeper in any one of these paths.

This blog is an earnest effort from our side to fill you with relevant information that would help you distinguish between web development and android development. Let's begin our journey of understanding web development vs android development and their career perspective.

What is web development

We have discussed web development several times. It is simply the process of building a website. Wen development consists of all steps right from designing to implementing the design to adding functionalities and maintaining the website. The end result of a web development process is a website or a collection of several inter related web pages. However, the nature of websites has considerably changed over the past few years.

Earlier, the process of web development produced just a collection of static web pages. These static websites have now advanced to interactive websites that are capable of storing, manipulating and accessing user data. With innovations every day, dynamic websites are customised for every user with the help of AI and machine learning.

Web development consists of various sub processes that are undertaken by different developers. A web development team consists of many profiles. There are graphic designers and UX/UI designers who are a part of the web design team. You can read about the difference between web design and web development in this blog. Next in line are the front end developers who are responsible for implementing the design through various coding languages and frameworks. You can read more about the skills of a front end developer in this blog. The back end engineers add functionalities to the website whose code is hidden from the end user. The skills required for back end developer are enlisted in this blog. There are full stack developers also in a web development team who is dedicated to constructing a full fledged website. Full stack developers play a very dynamic role in any organisation. You can read more about them in this blog.

What is android development

In order to understand Android development, we need to first understand Android. Android is basically an operating system for mobile devices or tablet computers. So, basically all the things you do on your mobile phone is because of Android. The operating system is developed by Google and is currently being used by billions of users. Android includes a software development kit (SDK) which helps in the development of applications for Android users. It includes software libraries of prewritten code, a debugger, a device emulator, documentation and sample code.

Android applications have an excellent user interface and user experience and it is also capable of playing multimedia. Applications have icons and widgets on the home screen of android devices.

Android applications are particularly very easy to develop. We would talk about the various tools, technologies and platforms to develop our android application in our next segment. The android architecture is also very important to understand before we move on to building applications on android. The first layer of the architecture consists of system and user apps, the next layer consists of Java API framework. The third layer includes native C/C++ libraries and the android runtime. The last two layers are hardware abstraction layer and Linux kernel respectively. Android keeps updating itself with the latest one being Android11.

Android Development vs Web Development: Tools and Technology

  • Web Development Toolkit
    1. Front-end

      There are various tools, frameworks, libraries and technologies that are used to build the front-end but the most basic amongst them is HTML, CSS and Javascript. HTML is the HyperText Mark-Up Language that is used to build customized websites. The HTML language is made up of tags that are used to build different types of elements and components of web pages from scratch. CSS on the other hand stands for Cascading style sheets. It is used for styling web pages. CSS describes the presentation of the document that is written in a markup language, for example HTML. CSS enhances the presentation of the document by letting the user add fonts, spacing and much more. It’s basically a design language. In simple words, CSS defines the style of the structure of the webpage. It describes the behaviour, position and style of all HTML elements and hence is responsible for the layout of the webpage. This design language contains several sub topics; it covers various themes and sub-themes that need to be comprehensively covered in order to make and add an effective design on the websites. You can learn more about CSS and its implementation in this blog. The next important language is Javascript. It is an object-oriented programming language that is used for creating interactive web pages. Javascript is basically an event-driven, functional and imperative language. It is popular as the language that is used to add dynamic effects on web pages like rollover, rollout and other interesting functionalities. Javascript was initially used as a front end language for web pages but now it has diversified and has moved to other environments and applications also. Javascript can also be used as a server side language on the back end. Apart from these languages, there are a number of front end libraries and frameworks that are used to build interactive user experiences easily. Some of them in this list is React, Angular, Vue etc. You should go and understand these and a couple of more front end development frameworks in this blog.

    2. Backend

      The back end is the part of web application also known as the server side handles all the important functioning that is hidden from the user. When a user performs any action or triggers any request on the website, the activities that take place behind the scenes are termed as backend development. The languages commonly used in server-side development are PHP and Nodejs (framework for javascript. PHP, created by Ramsum Lerdorf in 1994, is basically a server-side programming language that runs on almost all platforms and is compatible with all servers. It is usually used as a back end languages in web development and application development. PHP is used to create dynamic content on webpages. It can collect data from forms that would be filled by users and access and edit the database. Nodejs is a powerful Javascript framework used to develop server-side applications, networking applications in distributed systems, real-time web applications and much more. Applications built with the help of Nodejs are fast and highly scalable. Nodejs can generate dynamic content on webpages, it can collect data produced through forms and add, delete or modify the database you are using in your project. The popularity of Javascript as a server-side language has exponentially increased with the advent of Nodejs and other frameworks, the demand and. Apart from the languages, there are some popular back end frameworks also. Some of them are Flask, Laravel, ASP.NET., Express etc. You can particularly learn more about Express in this blog.

  • Android Development Toolkit

    Android studio is one of the most famous tools for android developers. Google created android studio back in 2013 and since then it has remained one of the most preferred platforms for developing android applications. It provides easy to use drag and drop interface and provides for efficient code editing, debugging and testing tools. Android studio is supported by Google and also be a large community of android developers.

    Before Android studio came into picture, Eclipse was the popular IDE for android applications. Eclipse works well with a variety of programming languages. There are many other development platforms for Android applications like Fabric which is the platform behind mobile application and GameMaker: Studio which is popularly used for developing android game applications. Other than these platforms, there are other solutions which are used to test, monitor or evaluate android applications.

    Apart from these platforms to develop android applications, some of the languages used in the development process are Java, Kotlin, C++. Java is the most popular out of all because it is touted as the official language for Android development and is supported by Android studio. Kotlin comes second in line when one talks about languages in android development. In many ways, it is similar to Java but Kotlin is a lot easier than Java for beginners. There are other languages like C, C++, BASIC etc.

Android Development vs Web Development: Career Perspective

In terms of career perspective, android development and web development are both prosperous and lucrative. The career options can be gauged by looking at the number websites and apps around you.

Both these fields in the IT industry are growing as businesses are increasingly depending on both websites and android apps. Career options for both are open and increasing everyday as the virtual world is widening and accommodating more and more organisations and as well as individuals.

The right career trajectory for you depends entirely on your skill set, strengths and weaknesses. The best thing is to explore both the fields and then opt for the most optimum career field.

If you are a beginner, web development seems to be the easiest and the most approachable path for a career in the IT industry. A few websites and a couple of android applications would only adorn your resumes.

If you really want to start your career as a professional web developer, then a professional training in web development is must! Right guidance would lead you to develop web development projects and garner sufficient theoretical knowledge to make a lucrative career in your chosen field and that too in your dream company.

If you are serious in making a prosperous career in technology, we suggest you to get enrolled in a Web Development Course that is developed by experts from IIT DELHI in collaboration with tech companies like Google, Amazon and Microsoft. This course we offer is trusted by students and graduates from IIT, DTU, NIT, Amity, DU and more.

You should join the course to master the art of creating web applications by learning the latest tools and technologies. We begin by teaching right from the basic HTML and then graduate to advanced and dynamic websites, in just a span of a few months.

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