Difference Between Native and Hybrid Apps

Konfinity
November 9,2020 - 5 min read
Difference between native and hybrid apps

We have discussed a lot about web development in our earlier blogs. The meaning of web development, roles involved in developing a website, different tools and technologies in web development and its career prospects. You can read this blog and check out a few others to get to know more about web development and why you should learn it. Apart from web development, mobile applications have become the new standard for building up a connection with customers. It enables companies to connect with and provide their users with convenient and up-to-date experience. You can read about more about web development and android development in this blog.

When it comes to android app development, one question that every company face is ‘Hybrid vs Native app development’. Both, hybrid and native app development, approaches have their strengths and weaknesses and any one of them might turn to be the best approach for different companies. We would discuss some of the vital differences between hybrid and native app development and learn about each one of them in detail. Let’s get started in our journey of understanding the difference between Native and hybrid app development and making an informed decision thereafter.

What is Native App Development

Native applications are built specifically for only one platform. The most popular programming languages of native application development of Android mobile apps are Kotlin, Swift or Objective-C for iOS native app development. The engineering process for developing Native applications is longer and requires more effort but customers have a more responsive and a faster experience and enjor enhanced data security. Let us discuss some of the major tools, technologies, advantages and disadvantages of Native app development.

Languages for native Android app development

  • Java

    Java was established in 1995 by Sun Microsystems and since then it has remained one of the most relevant and one of the best programming languages since over two decades. Java is a popular language that supports the concepts of Object-oriented programming language that is inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction and encapsulation. It has become a special system of tools as the developers have access to a powerful library. Java helps to simplify the overall programming process. However, one of the major disadvantages of Java is that applications on Java require more memory and perform slower compared to other frameworks.

  • Kotlin

    Kotlin was launched in 2011 by JetBrains as an open source, expressive, concise and powerful object-oriented programming language. Kotlin is 100% Java interoperable programming language and easy incorporation between Java and Kotlin makes the development of android apps efficient and quicker. And hence boosts productivity and efficiency in the development process. Kotlin language is declared as the official language for the android ecosystem, it is also included as an alternative to the standard Java compiler for the Android Studio.

Advantages of native mobile app development

Better performance – Native applications will be faster as they are built with a framework that is native to the platform.

Data protection – It is easier to make the native application secure. A lot of companies strive to provide their customers security and especially in the enterprise sector, fintech, and applications with sensitive data.

Overall functionality – The application will have the important ability to connect the device hardware features and different databases and there is no need for plugins or extra tools.

Disadvantages of native application development

Time and money-consuming – It definitely requires more time and resources to build complex software.

HYBRID APP DEVELOPMENT

Hybrid application is originally regarded as a website that is put into the containers. Hybrid applications operate a web view control in order to receive the full-screen HTML and JavaScript files leveraging the rendering engine of the built-in OS browsers.

Tools and Technologies used for hybrid application development

Mobile development companies are working with a combination of technologies, some of them are –

  • React Native

    React Native is an extension of React which was created by Facebook as an open-sourced technology for cross-platform compatibility. It is mostly utilized because of the short development time.

  • Xamarin

    Xamarin is an open framework which is supported and maintained by Microsoft. They have recently offered the new hybrid mobile application development approach that enables availability of code across platforms. Xamarin improve development speed and simplify maintenance.

  • Ionic

    Ionic produces mobile applications with standard web technologies such as JavaScript, CSS, HTML, Angular, etc. The developers also have a lot of accessible UI components with Ionic that are simple to deal with.

Advantages of hybrid mobile application development

Single code base – This is the major advantage of hybrid mobile application development. There is no need for building two separate codes for iOS and Android by reason of the code common functionality.

Lower cost –The company can make huge savings by as the expenses will be almost the same as building only one that is designed to run everywhere.

Easier to maintain – All required changes and updates will be maintained simultaneously on both platforms which makes it convenient for the developers and the users as well.

Disadvantages of hybrid application development

Bounded efficiency – Cross-platform framework depends on plugins to be connected with the device features which are difficult and complex to make.

Internet connection –The cross-platform frameworks require a regular internet connection and some functions won’t be available when there is weak or no connection.

Difference Between Native and Hybrid Apps

The native applications are created for a particular platform i.e. either for Android or for iOS, whereas the hybrid development process relies on cross-platform functioning. That is to say, native applications are built on programming languages like Java or Kotlin which can be supported only by a certain platform. On the other hand, hybrid applications are developed by several web technologies such as HTML, CSS, and Javascript frameworks. In other words, hybrid applications are more like websites packed into containers that emulate software behaviour. The development process is the main difference between native and hybrid apps.

The benefits and short comings and the difference between Native and hybrid apps are vivid and clear; however, it is the task of each company to clarify their purposes from the very beginning to make an informed decision. Specialized or Native apps provide better security so they are widely chosen by financial institutions. These organisations are ready to spend more money on the development and maintenance of the more expensive mobile applications to provide security for their customers as their utmost priority. Amazon and PayPal are some of the big names that use native applications. On the other hand, cross-platform framework or hybrid applications are more appealing for start-ups who have restricted funding and their business is focused on content delivery. The well-known companies that use hybrid applications are Uber, Twitter, and Instagram.

The final aim of all companies is best user experience coupled with high level security. The end users will rarely notice the difference between native app and hybrid app performance. Hence, companies should choose the best type of application that suits their needs and capabilities.

We hope that this blog has helped you find the difference between Native and apps and hence it would be easier for you to make the right choice. Each type has benefits that are essential for certain projects. It is important that you select the technology that suits your development capabilities.

We have covered the concepts that are important to understand the difference between Native and hybrid apps and their development processes comprehensively and we hope that you are satisfied with the knowledge you have garnered from this article. However, if you feel that some concepts were not discussed, please feel free to reach out to us as we would love to have a healthy and constructive discussion on the difference between Native and hybrid apps and their development processes.

Android application is one of the most lucrative fields in the IT industry. If you see yourself as a builder of websites with a solid structure then an in-depth knowledge of technology is indispensable. If you feel you wish to enter the technological industry, web development is a great option too. If you are interested, we think we might have something for you!

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