In this blog, we talk about two important aspects of building a website that is often confused and used interchangeably. This blog is a comprehensive explanation of web design and web development. Both these domains are concerned with making a website and maybe that’s why the confusion exists. In reality, web development and web design are two different sets of tasks and activities.
We would discuss the major distinctions between web design and web development, popular tools that are required for web design and web development and their industry trends. We hope you read the entire blog and understand the difference between web design and web development.
Web design and Web development: Understanding the difference
Web development is basically about building websites. It is concerned with the core structure, functionalities and features of the website that is built using a complex set of code. Web design on the other hand is responsible for the creative and visual aspect of the website that is created with a combination of design software and languages.
In this segment we would talk about web development and web design in detail so that you are clear about both of these aspects of web development and the tools and languages that are used to implement both of them. It’s easy to understand the distinction between web development and web design by getting to know about the role of a web developer and a web designer and hence we would discuss their roles too. Let’s get started with web development.
Web development basically refers to the process of creating a website. Web development consists of all steps right from designing to implementing to maintaining it. The product of a web development process is basically a full-fledged website but it has changed considerably in the past few decades. Earlier web development was just a collection of static web pages but over time these static websites have advanced to visually attractive and interactive websites that are capable of storing, manipulating and accessing user data. In the age of AI, the world of websites is becoming more and more customised with the help of AI and machine learning. Web development consists of various parts that are undertaken by different kinds of developers.
Role of a Web Developer
A web developer is basically responsible for the development of web applications according to the needs of the user. Web developers usually dabble around with computing languages to make customized websites. Web developers choose one part of the whole process of web development and build that part from scratch. A web developer can be a front-end developer who is responsible for the visual side of the website or a backend developer who ensures smooth functioning of the website.
CSS is another language that is used for the designing of web pages. CSS stands for cascading style sheet. It styles HTML webpages by describing the behaviour, position and style of HTML elements. With CSS, developers can also decide the layout of the webpage.
A back-end web developer is responsible for maintaining and creating the part of the web application that handles the functioning and working of the website that is hidden from the user. Backend developers are also known as server-side developers and backend development is also server-side development. When the end-user performs an action or triggers a request on the website, the set of tasks that take place on the server and the database to respond to the user are termed as backend development.
One of the most popular languages in the backend is PHP. PHP stands for Hypertext processor. It is basically a server-side programming language which is used in developing webpages and applications. It is used with markup languages like HTML as it is embedded. PHP collects data from forms, access and edit the database and edit and use files on the server. Other languages that can be used in backend development are Java, Python, Ruby etc.
Another web development profile is a full stack developer who is responsible for all steps included in the process of web development. A full-stack developer is expected to possess a complete understanding of how a website works at each step. There are some popular technological stacks are of major help to full-stack developers. Some of them are MERN Stack, MEAN Stack, LAMP Stack etc. You can read more about MERN Stack in this blog.
Now that we have garnered enough knowledge about web development, it’s time we build a strong understanding of web design.